U.S. History, Civics, and Government resources that you need right now

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Faithless Electors: Chiafalo v. Washington

The Electoral College is one of the more difficult institutions to understand in the U.S. Constitution, but it serves a vitally impo…

Rule of Law

The benefits of freedom are safest when officials cannot make arbitrary and unpredictable laws. The rule of law means that laws are …

Number 42: Jackie Robinson and Courage

In this lesson, students will consider the courage of Jackie Robinson, who persevered through the integration of major league baseba…

Media and American Democracy

Lessons in Media and American Democracy are each designed for a 45-minute class period in journalism, English, civics, social studie…

The Modern Debate on Immigration

In this lesson, students will prepare and present their own plan for dealing with immigration in the United States. They will engage…

Marbury v. Madison (Homework Help)

William Marbury was a judge appointed at the end of John Adams’ presidency, but never got his official commission papers. Once Tho…

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2019-2020 Supreme Court Roundup

In the past eight months, the Supreme Court has heard and ruled on a number of important cases. Even in the midst of the COVID-19 pa…

Gilded Age Immigration Cartoons

May 6, 2020, marked 138 years since the signing of the Chinese Exclusion Act. Passed by Congress and signed by President Chester A. …

The Adventures of a Revolutionary Soldier, 1777

Joseph Plumb Martin of Connecticut eagerly joined the cause of the Revolution in 1776 at the age of fifteen years. He served in the …

Challenges of American Citizenship in the new Millennium

There is no way the Constitution will work if the people lose their virtue. Almost every Founding Father said or wrote something alo…

United Nations

As World War II raged, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt met with Stalin and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill at the Tehr…

International Trade

For all of human history, people have desired things that people in distant lands possessed in abundance. From Australian opals to C…

The President as Commander in Chief

The Constitution gives the power of declaring war solely to Congress, while the president serves as commander in chief of the U.S. m…

War and Constitutional Separation of Powers

The U.S. Constitution divides war powers between the president and Congress. The delegates to the Constitutional Convention were foc…

The Great Society and Beyond

The liberalism of the post-1960s is usually associated with cultural or “lifestyle” permissiveness, a moral relativism regarding…

The New Deal

The election of Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1932 resulted in the New Deal he proposed, a fundamental shift in the American political ec…

Commerce and the Progressive Era

The twentieth century saw the rise of a widespread but not very clearly defined group of reformers known as the progressives. The ba…

The Commercial Republic Before the Civil War, 1815-1860

Between the War of 1812 and the Civil War, the federal government largely retreated from a program of national economic development,…

The Early Commercial Republic, 1789-1815

After the Constitution was ratified, a new government was elected and took office in 1789. The administration of President George Wa…

The Origins of Our Commercial Republic

The American Founders set out to establish a modern, liberal, commercial republic. Their political theory derived primarily from Enl…

Philanthropy

Philanthropy may be defined as the desire to promote the welfare of society by giving your own money to good causes. Philanthropy is…

Saving and Investing

If, as individuals, we spend more than we earn, we can go bankrupt. The same is true with nations. If a nation spends on government …

Taxes and Regulation

In America’s free society, entrepreneurs of many kinds start businesses that create the nation's wealth. The Founders established …

Entrepreneurship

Entrepreneurs are a different breed. They think differently from others. The definition of entrepreneur—one who takes risks to cre…

Free Enterprise and Prosperity

The overall wealth of the United States has been achieved because of the free enterprise system. The U.S. has a limited government, …

How Economic Systems Work

As buyers purchase goods and services, they signal to the producers what ought to be made. If people want to wear pants with farm an…

Prices and Value

Prices are created through interactions between sellers and buyers. Supply (sellers) and demand (buyers) is the first, most recogniz…

Making Economic Decisions

When we hear the term “economics,” we tend to think about ups and downs in the economy as well as graphs mysteriously depicting …

The Virtues Required of Citizens In a Free Society

The Founders thought that preserving freedom through self-governing institutions required that citizens have certain virtues. Howeve…

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